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Castles, Fortifications

Ian Lewis | The Walls Of Wallingford Castle

The Walls Of Wallingford Castle

Part of the ruined buildings at Wallingford Castle in Oxfordshire. Hard to believe that this was once one of the most powerful castles in England - it was begun by Robert D'Oilly in 1067 on the orders of Wiliam I to control the Thames Valley. Over the years is was expanded and became a royal residence as well as fortress. During the Civil War of the 1100s, Matilda took refuge there. from King Stephen's armies. After the Civil War of the 1600s, it was 'slighted' or partially destroyed.
Ian Lewis | Caerphilly Castle Moat

Caerphilly Castle Moat

Looking over the moat to Caerphilly Castle (Castell Caerffili in Welsh) during a late September afternoon after heavy rain showers. Built in the late 13th century by Gilbert de Clare in order to secure this part of Wales from being taken over by the Welsh leader Llewellyn, building was begun in 1268 and it was immediately attacked! Building was then recommenced in 1271 and now It is the largest castle in ground area in Wales! Its surrounding moat and lakes are now a haven for wildlife. This image was taken from the public footpath surrounding the castle.
Ian Lewis |  Castell Coch

Castell Coch

Rising from the wooded hillside of the Taff Gorge above the village of Tongwynlais, are the fairytale towers of Castell Coch (Red Castle). Designed for the third Marquess of Bute by the eccentric Victorian architect William Burges in High Victorian Gothic style, the castle was only ever intended as a countryside retreat from the main residence in Cardiff Castle and was mainly used for entertaining. It was, however, built on the foundations of a medieval castle dating from 1267.
Ian Lewis | Wallingford Castle

Wallingford Castle

Part of the ruined buildings at Wallingford Castle in Oxfordshire. Hard to believe that this was once one of the most powerful castles in England - it was begun by Robert D'Oilly in 1067 on the orders of Wiliam I to control the Thames Valley. Over the years is was expanded and became a royal residence as well as fortress. During the Civil War of the 1100s, Matilda took refuge there. from King Stephen's armies. After the Civil War of the 1600s, it was 'slighted' or partially destroyed.
Ian Lewis | Caerphilly Castle South Facing Walls

Caerphilly Castle South Facing Walls

Looking across the moat at Caerphilly Castle and to its massive south facing walls and towers. This image was taken from the public footpath beside the moat. The castle was built in the late 13th century by Gilbert de Clare in order to secure this part of Wales from being taken over by the Welsh leader Llewellyn ap Gruffudd, Begun in 1268 - it was immediately attacked! Building was recommenced in 1271 and it is now the largest castle in ground area in Wales and the second largest castle in Britain!
Ian Lewis | Towers Of Caerphilly Castle Gatehouse

Towers Of Caerphilly Castle Gatehouse

Seen from the north side of Caerphilly Castle, in the centre of Caerphilly, South Wales, the imposing gatehouse towers above the moat. Castell Caerffili (in Welsh) was built in the late 13th century by Gilbert de Clare in order to secure this part of Wales from being taken over by the Welsh leader Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Building was begun in 1268 and it was immediately attacked by Llewellyn! Construction was then recommenced in 1271 creating the largest castle in ground area in Wales! Image captured from the public footpath surrounding the castle
Ian Lewis | The Castle Gatehouse

The Castle Gatehouse

Flanked by towers, the massive gateway leading in to Chepstow Castle. Standing above a crossing point on the River Wye, this is one of the oldest castles in Britain and it boasts the oldest doors in Europe! Building began in 1067 under William Fitz Osbern, forming the southernmost in a chain of castles guarding the Welsh Marches. It was later used in the conquest of Gwent in the 12th century. In the 1600s, it became a Royalist stronghold but after the Civil War it fell into disuse. This image was captured from the public footpath surrounding the castle.
Ian Lewis | Inner Moat At Caerphilly Castle

Inner Moat At Caerphilly Castle

Caerphilly Castle, or Castell Caerfili in Welsh, is situated in the centre of the County Borough of Caerphilly in South Wales. It dates from the 13th century when it was constructed by Gilbert de Clare as a means of conquering Glamorgan and is one of the earliest concentric castles in Britain. It is surrounded by defensive lakes which form the moat. This image was captured one afternoon in early March during a stormy period of weather. Taken from the public footpath which follows the edge of the castle's surrounding moat